About Nepal

Nepal is one of the world’s greatest trekking destinations.  It is a land of epic mountain adventures, snow peaks and Sherpas, yaks and yetis, fluttering prayer flags and flickering butter lamps.  With its ancient culture and the Himalayas as a backdrop, landlocked Nepal was closed to the outside world until the 1950’s.  Since then it has been through the creation of a multiparty parliamentary system, a decade long Maoist insurgency and the abolition of the monarchy.  It is a country that is slightly larger than Arkansas with a population of over 29,000,000.  The southern border is shared with India and is called the Terai, or flat river plain of the Ganges.  Heading north, the middle part of the country is dominated by the central hill region which runs the horizontal width of the country.  And to the far north, the rugged Himalayas form the border with Tibet (China).  The lowest elevation is 230 feet above sea level in the south and rises within 150 miles to 29,035 feet above sea level with Mount Everest on the Tibetan border.  Nepal’s strategic location between China and India contains 8 of the world’s 10 highest peaks, including the first which is Mt Everest and the 3rd which is Kanchenjunga.

About Nepal

Nepalese society is multilingual, multireligious and multiethnic with Hindus compromising 80% of the population, Buddhists 9%, Muslim 4% and others 7%.  Literacy stands at 48% of the total population and life expectancy for males is about 64 years and for females 67 years.  92 different living languages are spoken within Nepal with an overriding national language of Nepali, considered to be a member of the Indo European language.

About Nepal

The biggest environmental issues facing Nepal at the present is deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel due to the lack of alternatives), contaminated water (human and animal wastes), wildlife conservation and vehicular emissions.

Culture is embedded in the high peaks of Nepal.  Traditions flow with its rivers, art traverses through its valleys, and religion lies within the heart of its people.  Nepal, in short, is a country where art, culture and religion are a part of life for all its inhabitants.  Art and religion are so deeply interlocked that it is impossible to separate the one from the other.  All art forms express both Hindu and Buddhist iconography, found in the unique craftsmanship of the temples, architecture, shrines, fountains and the designs of religious objects.

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